In the midst of this disturbing picture, there is good news. In June 2019, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) withdrew most of its forces leading the attack on Hodeidah and continued to support Yemeni anti-Houthi fighters along the Red Sea coast, mitigating the risk of a return to major fighting. But this development must not weigh politicians in a false sense of security. Fighting at the front has shifted to other parts of the country. Anti-Houthi forces still see Hodeidah as a target and could resume hostilities, with devastating consequences. The humanitarian crisis in Yemen, described by the United Nations as the largest in the world, has not deteriorated significantly since December 2018, but it has not improved either. A new battle for Hodeida would almost certainly plunge the country into widespread famine. In addition, continued efforts to revive the stalled Hodeida Agreement consume all available diplomatic bandwidth at a high cost and prevent a move towards peace talks at the national level. 1- An agreement on the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa.

The first term was an “agreement on the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa”[18], which mainly agreed to an “immediate ceasefire” and then a “mutual deployment of forces” in these areas. [19] To convince the parties, the United Nations needs strong diplomatic assistance. The P5s have shown in the past that they can cooperate effectively in Yemen; [fn] P5 ambassadors to Yemen worked together in 2011 to support UN mediation. See Rebecca Brubaker, Things Fall Apart: Holding the Centre Together During Yemen`s 2011 Popular Uprising, United Nations University Centre for Policy Research, 2018. During the 2012-2014 transition period in Yemen, the P5 formed the core of a contact group of embassies that worked together to support the UN-led process, which was later expanded to 18 missions abroad. During a period of diplomatic tensions over Syria and other crises in 2018, senior P5 officials identified Yemen as a potential area of cooperation, and aside from a dispute between the US and Britain in December 2018 over the wording of a Security Council resolution, they generally worked closely together on the issue. .